郭富赟.甘肃地质灾害风险管理思考[J].甘肃地质,2021,(1):16-22
甘肃地质灾害风险管理思考
Thinking on Risk Management of Geological Disasters in Gansu Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  地质灾害  风险管控  防灾理念  基本原则  着力点
英文关键词:geological disaster  risk control  disaster prevention concept  basic principles  focus
基金项目:甘肃省科技重大专项——社会发展类。项目编号:19ZD2FA002
作者单位
郭富赟 甘肃省自然资源厅地质灾害防治技术指导中心甘肃 兰州 730000 
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中文摘要:
      本文从5个方面分析了甘肃省地质灾害风险管控面临的形势,在此基础上提出了重构包括生命至上、天人合一、主动而为、依法防灾等地质灾害风险管理科学理念,提出了地质灾害风险管理应遵循资源整合与系统设计、预防优先与抗救结合、分级防治与风险共担、工程治理与避险并重、政府主导与社会参与、应急处置与长效防范6项原则,提出了今后甘肃地质灾害风险管控应从发挥制度在地质灾害风险管控引领作用、打造积极的防灾减灾文化、推进地质灾害防治全民能力提高、强化地质灾害风险管控科技支撑、构建地质灾害隐患动态风险评估体系、加强空天地一体化专群结合监测预警网络建设、加大地质灾害综合治理力度、扩大避险搬迁覆盖面和实施力度、地质灾害防治纳入国土风险管控体系等8个方面的着力点。
英文摘要:
      This paper analyzes the situation of geological disaster risk management and control in Gansu Province from five aspects. On this basis, it puts forward the reconstruction of scientific concepts of geological disaster risk management, including life first, unity of nature and man, active action, disaster prevention according to law, and puts forward that geological disaster risk management should follow the resource integration and system design, the combination of prevention priority and anti-rescue, hierarchical prevention and risk This paper puts forward six principles of geological disaster risk management and control in Gansu Province, such as sharing the responsibility, paying equal attention to engineering governance and risk avoidance, government leading and social participation, emergency disposal and long-term prevention. It is proposed that Gansu geological disaster risk management and control should play a leading role in geological disaster risk management and control, create a positive disaster prevention and mitigation culture, promote the improvement of national capacity of geological disaster prevention and control, and strengthen the scientific and technological support and construction of geological disaster risk control We should focus on the following eight aspects: dynamic risk assessment system of geological hazards, strengthening the construction of monitoring and early warning network for the integration of space and space, strengthening the comprehensive management of geological disasters, expanding the coverage and implementation of risk aversion and relocation, and integrating the prevention and control of geological disasters into the land risk management and control system.
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